Five species of venomous Florida spiders according the The University of Florida IFAS/Extension:
- Southern black widow
- Northern black widow
- Red widow
- Brown widow
- Brown recluse.
The four species of widow spiders are very similar in body shape. The Southern black widow spider, is a venomous spider found throughout the southeastern United States. Widow spiders received their name from the belief that they would kill and consume their mate following copulation.
The Florida Spiders habitat
Many types of spiders live around homes and buildings. Most are harmless, and many are beneficial given they prey upon other nuisance insects, like mosquitos or flies.
One spider found in Jacksonville that is potentially dangerous is the brown recluse. This Florida Spider is sometimes referred to as the ‘violin’ or ‘fiddleback’ spider because of the violin-shaped marking on its dorsum. Although brown recluse spider bites are rare, the venom can sometimes cause serious wounds and infestations should be taken seriously.
More Florida spiders
The brown recluse spider is frequently reported in Florida as a cause of necrotic lesions in humans.
Brown recluse spiders usually bite only when they become trapped next to the victim’s skin. Bites occur either when sleeping humans roll onto the spider or put on clothes into which the spider has crawled. Typically bites occur under clothing, mostly on the thigh, upper arm, or lateral torso, less often on the neck
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